It is coverage against loss through stealing by individuals, not in a position of trust. Theft generally covers all acts of stealing. There are three major types of insurance contracts for burglary, robbery, and other theft. Burglary is defined to mean the unlawful taking of property within premises that have been closed and in which there are visible marks evidencing forcible entry.
Such a narrow definition is necessary to restrict burglary coverage to a particular class of criminal activity. Robbery is defined as that type of unlawful taking of property in which another person is threatened by either force or violence. In the robbery peril, therefore, the element of personal contact is necessary.
Perhaps the most common of all burglary coverages is on safes. Often the loss in the form of damage to the safe itself from the use of explosives and other devices is as great as the loss of the money, jewelry, or securities it contains. Accordingly, the policy covers both types of claims. Another common burglary policy applies to Mercantile open stock. In this type of policy, there is usually a limit applicable on any article of jewelry or any article contained in a showcase where susceptibility to loss is high. In order to prevent underinsurance, the mercantile open stock policy is usually written with a coinsurance requirement or with some
Another common theft policy for business firms is a comprehensive crime contract covering employee dishonesty as well as losses on money and securities both inside and outside the premises, loss from counterfeit money or money orders, and loss from forgery. This policy is designed to cover in one package most of the crime perils to which an average business is subject.
A broad form of crime protection for individuals is offered both as a separate contract and as part of a “homeowner’s policy.” It covers all losses of personal property from theft and mysterious disappearance.